Advocacy

Labour and manifestos

By Iftikhar Ahmad The article was published on 22 July 2018 by the The News. Another version of this article was published by the Dawn. Of the 207 million population, as determined by the 2017 census, 106 million are registered voters (18 years and above) in Pakistan. More than 90 per cent of these 106 million voters are part of the working age population (15-64 years) and...

Addressing Pakistan’s modern slavery problem

By Iftikhar Ahmad The article was published on 16 October 2017 by the DAWN. The Global Slavery Index 2016 estimated the number of modern slavery victims in Pakistan as 2.134m (1.13pc of the total population). In terms of absolute numbers, Pakistan ranked 3 (out of 167 countries) in this index after India (18.354m) and China (3.388m). Using the above referred percentage of 1.13pc with the new...

Questions to ask about workers’ rights under CPEC

By Iftikhar Ahmad The article was published on 18 September 2017 by the DAWN. Another version of this article was published by the News on Sunday. My piece on workers’ rights under CPEC was published today in the Daily Dawn.  China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a flagship under China One Belt One Road (OBOR) initiative. There is no doubt that the CPEC investment will stimulate...

Winning the child labour war

By Iftikhar Ahmad The article was published on 13 June 2016 by the DAWN. In Pakistan, 3.7m minors between the ages of 10 and 17 years are involved in child labour. The federal and provincial governments need to follow a three-pronged strategy to curb child labour: provision of free, compulsory and quality basic education at least up to the minimum age for admission to work; adoption...

Gender inequality in jobs

By Iftikhar Ahmad The article was published on 14 March 2016 by the DAWN. The government must also pursue proactive measures for increased representation of women in active labour force.THE IMF estimates that closing the gender gap in Pakistan can boost GDP by 30pc. Pakistan ranks the second last (144th position) in Global Gender Gap Index 2015. The gap is highest in the economic...

Brick children’s rights

By Iftikhar Ahmad The article was published on 15 February 2016 by the DAWN. Laws cannot have contradictory provisions: requiring compulsory education while allowing children to engage in full-time jobs before they complete compulsory education.THE PUNJAB Prohibition of Child Labour at Brick Kilns Ordinance 2016, promulgated last month forbids hiring children below 14 years of age. It also regulates the employment of adults by requiring...

Minimum wages: issues to consider

By Iftikhar Ahmad The article was published on 16 June 2014 by the DAWN. Minimum wage can help reduce gender pay gap. With higher education levels, women are reducing this gap, but it is still high, particularly in low skilled occupations.IS Rs12,000 enough as minimum wage? The answer lies with the poverty line, which is estimated as the equivalent of 2,350 calories per adult...